Migration and It's Effects Lesson Plan and Activities. Lesson about Migration. Understanding the Migration benefits and effects.

Lesson Plan: Migration of People and Its Effects

Grade Level: Primary 


Students will learn about the migration of people, understand the reasons why people migrate, and explore the effects of migration on individuals and communities.

  • World map or globe
  • Pictures or illustrations of people migrating
  • Whiteboard or chalkboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Storybooks or videos about migrants (optional)
  • Colour sticky notes.
  • Worksheet: "Migration of People and Its Effects" (prepared in advance)


  • Begin by asking the students if they have ever heard of the word "migration" and what they think it means.
  • Show pictures or illustrations of people migrating and ask the students to identify the different scenes or situations they see.
  • Display the below picture and ask some questions. (1. What is happening there? 2. Have you ever seen such situations? 3. When do such things happen? 4. What do we call the act?)

Activity 1: Understanding Migration:
  • Gather the students around the world map or globe.
  • Explain that migration is when people move from one place to another, just like animals do.
  • Point out different countries or regions on the map and discuss some reasons why people might move from one place to another, such as better job opportunities, education, climate, or safety.
  • Engage the students in a short discussion about any personal experiences they may have had or know about regarding migration.
  • Use the below PowerPoint to explain the concept. 

Activity 2: Effects of Migration:

  • Draw a simple diagram on the whiteboard or chalkboard with two columns: "Positive Effects" and "Challenges."
  • As a class, brainstorm and discuss the positive effects of migration, such as cultural diversity, sharing of knowledge and skills, and economic growth in both the home and destination countries.
  • Next, explore the challenges that migrants might face, including language barriers, adapting to a new environment, and being far away from family and friends.
  • Discuss how communities can support migrants in overcoming these challenges.
  • Distribute the sticky note and A4 sheet.
  • Tell them to prepare a mind map on this topic.
  • Use the below picture for reference. 
  • Watch the video.

Conclusion :

  • Recap the main points of the lesson, emphasizing the reasons for migration and its effects on individuals and communities.
  • Distribute the worksheet "Migration of People in Village" for students to complete either individually or in pairs.
  • Download the Worksheet.
  • Review the worksheet together to reinforce the concepts learned during the lesson.

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