"Learner Centered Grammar Activities for Primary Classes."

Topic: Common Nouns vs Proper Nouns
Skills: Grammar, Speaking Reading, and Creative Expression.
Grade: Primary.

                 Grammar is a very difficult part to teach and also learn to children. We cannot teach grammar in a formal way to the primary children since they don't have such cognitive capacity to understand the rules. So we should teach in a contextual way. We derive the content from known to unknown and establish the rules finally. So I always plan and develop different innovative activities to teach grammar topics for my primary students. 

I panned this activity to teach Common and Proper Nouns for my 4th-grade children. I designed this worksheet to understand the topic easily and attract them towards the class. Once I gave an explanation about the Common and Proper Nouns, I played them a language game. 

Language game: “Sit and stand” 

  • It’s a just a simple sit and stand game.
  • If you say sit children will sit, say stand they will stand. 
  • But here, if you say a common noun, children will sit, if you say proper noun children will stand.   
So this game helped them understand the nouns and also remember easily. 

                               Later, I told them that we are going to do an activity on this in the next period. In the next period, I gave this worksheet along with the A4 size chart piece. I asked my students to paste the worksheet on the chart and colour the pictures and letters. And I instructed them to cut along the line of the windows to make them open. 

                            Then I told my children to divide every window into two sections one is for common noun and the second one is for proper noun and put the headings also. Then I told them that write the Common and Proper Nouns of the topic that was labelled on the window. (Person, Place, Thing, and Animal are labelled on the windows). I facilitated them to complete the task themselves. Finally, I told them to read and present. You can watch my children's presentation in the below video. I hope you enjoy the activity and plan to do in your class.

Topic: Basic Pronouns.
Class: Primary.
Skill: Grammar. 

                             Teaching grammar to primary children is a major task. And I think some innovation in teaching the topic and worksheets will help our students to understand the topic easily. While I am explaining the topic got this idea. 
                        Then I told to my children we are going to design a pronoun garden in the next period. The next day I provided charts, paper petals, and colour pens and guided my children how to prepare flowers and garden. And then I told them to write the pronouns "He, She, It, and They", in the middle of the flower and write nouns related to the pronouns on petals. They completed their task and felt very happy by seeing their colourful garden.

Topic: Plurals. 
Grade: Primary
Skills: Grammar. 

               Activity-based teaching will always stimulate the children’s learning characteristics and turn the classroom into an effective learning environment. The main aim of the activity is to learn the different forms of plurals in an easy and understandable way. 
             This activity gives a holistic diverse concept on plurals. It also helps children to remember the plural forms easily. You can also use this as a comprehension activity. I prepare this “S” worksheet with instructions to create interest and do the task easily. 
              Later I guided how to cut and paste on a paper. And then I told them that write the plurals of the words given on the board in the right section by reading the instructions of each section on “S”. Finally, I asked them to read the words.

Topic: Adjectives
Class: Primary.
Skills: Speaking, Writing, Grammar, and Creative Expression.

                     Here I am going to describe how I taught an adjective topic to my 3rd class students in an activity based. I started my period by asking my students to say some words that we use to describe a person or thing. They gave some examples in their mother tongue, I megaphoned them into English, wrote on the board and also added some other words. I explained the meaning of the words and made them read well. After a small interaction by giving some example sentences using the words, I told them we are going to play a language game. 

Language Game: "Snow Ball Fighting" 

It is one of the well-known language games to develop creative writing skills. I have used this game to stimulate my students to write about his/her friend using those adjectives during the transaction. 

How to play: 
  • Give a white paper to each and ask them to write their name on the top of the paper. 
  • Tell your students to crush or fold the paper and make a ball. 
  • Make your students stand in a circle with the paper balls. 
  • Tell your students that you should throw or shoot with paper balls for a few minutes. Students should be advised to avoid throwing the paper balls as high as the face. Thus students start the "snowball fight." 
  • Let them play for a minute. And then stop and ask to pick a ball and sit in their places. 
  • Tell your students to open the paper and write a few sentences about the person whose name is on the paper using the describing words. (don’t show it to others) 
  • The teacher should guide how to write by giving some clues if necessary. 
  • Once they write, again tell them to crush or fold the paper and start shooting or throwing. 
  • After a minute of joyful play, tell them to stop and stand in the circle by picking up a ball each.
  • Now tell your students to open the paper and read the sentences loudly one by one. 
          So it's very interesting to know "What does your friend feel about you?" and also develop creative writing skills.
            After this game, I told these words are called adjectives and used to describe a noun. You can use this game according to your topic and level of your students.

Activity: Colouring, writing, and reading.
                   In the next period after the introduction of the adjectives, I gave colour papers to my children and told them that write six adjective words suitable to your character. Next, I gave head and legs pictures and told them to colour it. Later I told them to prepare a puppet of you by pasting the paper as shown in the picture. And then I divided my children into groups and asked them present like,

"I am a good, short, young, active and handsome boy/girl." and "He/She is a good, short, young, active and handsome boy/girl." 

                      So children experienced and went through different speaking, writing, and creative tasks during the transaction.
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